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World Ship Society (WSS) - Southampton Branch (ID: 33980)
Home Page Ship Movements Home Page Branch Meetings Newsletters Galleries Maps VTS and VHF R/T Visits & Trips Local News Web Links & Clubs Contact Info VTS Radar Cruiseship Programme Home Page Last Update Feb 05 This site contains local information and links to websites with all with a connection to shipping in Southampton and the Solent. Eastern Docks Berths 22-50 WSS and local subscriptions are now due for 2005. Pls pay via local Treasurer as soon as possible. Western Docks Berths 101-110 Container Port Berths 201-207 Esso Marine Terminal Fawley Home Page Ship Movements Home Page Branch Meetings Newsletters Galleries Maps VTS and VHF R/T Visits & Trips Local News Web Links & Clubs Contact Info VTS Radar Cruiseship Programme Home Page Last Update Feb 05 This site contains local information and links to websites with all with a connection to shipping in Southampton and the Solent. Eastern Docks Berths 22-50 WSS and local subscriptions are now due for 2005. Pls pay via local Treasurer as soon as possible. Western Docks Berths 101-110 Container Port Berths 201-207 Esso Marine Terminal Fawley Branch Meetings Ship Movements Home Page Branch Meetings Newsletters Galleries Maps VTS and VHF R/T Visits & Trips Local News Web Links & Clubs Contact Info VTS Radar Cruiseship Programme Branch Meetings Meetings are held at: The Southampton Oceanography Centre Waterfront Campus European Way Eastern Docks Southampton Meetings take place on the 2nd Tuesday of each month starting at 19.15 prompt with a 21.15 close to vacate the building for 21.30 latest.. Members and visitors for safety reasons are required to sign in at the foyer on the sheet provided for H&S reasons. The building is non smoking and free parking is available in front of the entrance. All persons attending meetings are reminded of ABP s safety and security policy and access to other areas of the port estate is not permitted. 2005 Meeting Programme Mar 8th Union Castle Purserette Ann Haynes April 12th Digital Ships John Davidson May 10th 3 Times Around the World Harley Crossley June 14th Leander Class Cruiser HMS Ajax 1933-50 Dr Richard Osborne June 18th S outhampton Branch Solent Cruise. Itinerary as per previous years July 12th A Scandinavian Scheme Bernard McCall Aug 9th Members Evening Sept 13th Photographic/Model Competition. Any member intending to enter a model should contact a member of the committee in advance Branch Newsletters Ship Movements Home Page Branch Meetings Newsletters Galleries Maps VTS and VHF R/T Visits & Trips Local News Web Links & Clubs Contact Info VTS Radar Cruiseship Programme Newsletters Newsletters -named Black Jack after a port hand buoy on the approaches to Southampton Water. You will need Adobe Acrobat to read the Newsletters as they are in PDF format. Please allow them time to load. Sep 02 Dec 03 Mar 03 Dec 02 Jun 03 Sep 03 Mar 04 Jun 04 Sep 04 Dec 04 Ships Picture Galleries Ship Movements Home Page Branch Meetings Newsletters Galleries Maps VTS and VHF R/T Visits & Trips Local News Web Links & Clubs Contact Info VTS Radar Cruiseship Programme Galleries It is not my intention that this site provides a comprehensive selection of photographs from the Solent area. There are website s too numerous to mention with photographs of Southampton Shipping - a small selection is included on the links page. However any photographs that members wish to contribute of a topical nature past or present from the Solent area worthy of inclusion are welcomed in JPEG format. Doug Toogood Gallery Photograph Competition Prizewinners Port and VTS Maps Ship Movements Home Page Branch Meetings Newsletters Galleries Maps VTS and VHF R/T Visits & Trips Local News Web Links & Clubs Contact Info VTS Radar Cruiseship Programme Port Maps There are maps available on the Southampton VTS website links to them are below: Port Plan Pilot Boarding Areas Cautionary Area Local Marinas Port Approach 1 Port Approach 2 VTS and VHF R/T Ship Movements Home Page Branch Meetings Newsletters Galleries Maps VTS and VHF R/T Visits & Trips Local News Web Links & Clubs Contact Info VTS Radar Cruiseship Programme VTS and VHF R/T in the Solent The operations room of the VTS Centre is situated at 37 Berth in Southampton's Eastern Docks and is continuously manned 24 hours a day by a minimum of three people, comprising one VTS Officer and two VTS assistants. A pilot officer is also present in the room controlling pilots and pilot boats that are based at Haslar in Gosport working on VHF Ch09. The VTS operations and information service covers the Solent and Southampton Water, excluding the port of Portsmouth north of a line between Gilkicker Point and Horse Sand Fort, and involves the monitoring and co-ordination of shipping movements. By using four radar scanner's, its radar service extends from the East Lepe buoy, Western Solent to No Mans Land Fort in the Eastern Solent. In practice, however, because of a scanner located at Eastney the radar coverage is more extensive and continues beyond the Nab Tower in the East. The station maintains a listening watch on VHF channels 12,14 and 16. VHF CH12 is the principal working frequency for communication with VTS, as well as inter-ship communications throughout the area. Harbour radar information and selected harbour operations work of the VHF duplex channels 18,20 or 22. All vessels over 20m LOA must maintain a listening watch on CH 12 when in the area. A vessel navigating in Southampton harbour radar coverage area can, at any time, on request by VHF to the VTS Centre be supplied with continuous information about her progress relative to navigational marks, other vessels, channel margins and West Bramble and Calshot turns. Alternatively vessels are advised of their position as a distance left of right of the charted radar reference line relative to their direction of progress and as a distance along the line to the navigational mark. The VTS Officer will on request give large vessels a countdown in cables from the Gurnard buoy to assist pilots in the wheel-over point for the West Bramble turn normally on CH20 or CH103 Link to Southampton VTS for further information including local weather and Notices to Mariners Marine Radio VHF Frequency List for Southampton and the Solent areas Branch Visits and Trips Ship Movements Home Page Branch Meetings Newsletters Galleries Maps VTS and VHF R/T Visits & Trips Local News Web Links & Clubs Contact Info VTS Radar Cruiseship Programme Visits and Trips The safety and security policy of ABP prevents access to the general public to the dock estate for photography however details of public harbour trips are included below: Vantage points are available from the Hythe Ferry and the Southampton to Cowes ferry depending on berth and time of day. Blue Funnel Cruises are the only resident boat trip company regularly operating various cruises in the port. SS Shieldhall Hythe Ferry Company Poole Quay Boat Trips Blue Funnel Cruises Dorset Belles Cruises Red Funnel Services Wightlink Ferries Southampton Branch Cruise This years cruise has been booked for 18th June 2005. The itinerary is the same as previous years departing Ocean Village 1100 returning 1800 the cost will be 12 per person payment in advance. Tickets are available from the assistant treasurer only and payment by cheque please. Tickets will be available to branch members only until the event is advertised in Marine News in April. Local Shipping News Ship Movements Home Page Branch Meetings Newsletters Galleries Maps VTS and VHF R/T Visits & Trips Local News Web Links & Clubs Contact Info VTS Radar Cruiseship Programme Latest News and members forum A ny news is welcomed no item too small! . The Southsea recently seen advertised for sale! Fantastic chance to buy a huge ferry, on the National Register of Historic Vessels at The National Maritime Museum (NON-OPERATIONAL, prop-shafts removed engines not currently running) . This will make a terrific restaurant or Hotel or an enormous home (or block of apartments!) Must be sold now as the free mooring is no longer available to the restoration group. This is your chance... Type Passenger Vessel Built 1946, William Denny & Bros Ltd, Dumbarton. Launched 11th March 1948 History 1948 - , Ferry (View other vessels of this type) No other names are recorded for this vessel. LOA. 200ft/61.04m Beam 46ft/14.53m Draft (max) 7ft/2.134m Dead-weight Tonnage: 182 tons Two Sulzer 8 MG 32 (2 Stroke) Main Diesel Engines 950 bhp @ 350 rpm Two SLM Type: MW.P.XII Gear:1911 Oil Friction Reversing Gear Drive Boxes Three Diesel Generator sets Ruston-Hornsby Type:6vph Price: GBP 45,000 Latest News The Southsea has been reported as sold for demolition Thee former Dutch naval vessel Luymes which has occupied a mud berth on the R.Itchen for some years has been reported sold for demolition by R.Humber breakers. The tug Tramontane which has been working for SERCO with MOD dockyard work for some time left Portsmouth AM 23rd Jan bound Waterford Shipping Web Links Ship Movements Home Page Branch Meetings Newsletters Galleries Maps VTS and VHF R/T Visits & Trips Local News Web Links & Clubs Contact Info VTS Radar Cruiseship Programme Favourite Links Solent Maritime Society Contact: Dr Allan Ryszka-Onions Phone: 01243 575725 E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org The society was formed in 1969 to provide a reasonably low priced organisation for anyone interested in ships and shipping, with particular reference to the Solent area. A monthly newsletter is produced for the members and trips/visits to places of maritime interest are organised. Solentwaters Southampton Ships Southampton Libraries Southampton Container Terminal Maritime Photographic AISLIVE Equasis World Ship Society IOW Branch World Ship Society Southampton Oceanography Local Groups - Solent Maritime Ships Register QHM Portsmouth Portsmouth Commercial Port Branch Contact Information Ship Movements Home Page Branch Meetings Newsletters Galleries Maps VTS and VHF R/T Visits & Trips Local News Web Links & Clubs Contact Info VTS Radar Cruiseship Programme Contact Information Chairman John Lillywhite 1 Thornleigh Road Woolston SO19 9DH 02380 432181 Vice Chairman Bill Lawes 25 Rollestone Road Holbury SO45 2GD 02380 894234 Secretary Rod Baker 29 Milbury Crescent Southampton SO18 5EN 02380 449972 Visits Organiser Adrian Tennet 34 New Road Fair Oak Assistant - Treasurer Rebecca Fredericks 56 West Park Lane Damerham Fordingbridge Hants SP6 3HB 01725 518839 BJ Editor Neil Richardson 109 Stubbington Lane FAREHAM PO14 2PB 01329 663450 Publicity Officer Paul Gosling 57 Charlton Road Shirley SO1 5FL 02380 635766 Email Branch Secretary Gallery1 Ship Movements Home Page Branch Meetings Newsletters Galleries Maps VTS and VHF R/T Visits & Trips Local News Web Links & Clubs Contact Info VTS Radar Cruiseship Programme Doug Toogood Gallery - click for larger foto Caronia 73/24492 alongside berth 38/9 Southampton Eastern Docks at the QE2 cruise terminal 1st November 2004 destoring - note paying off pennant. To be renamed Saga Ruby by Saga Cruises due in Southampton for a few weeks during February. The reefer vessel Nagato Reefer 00/7367 passing Southamptons Town Quay outward bound for the Canary Is. Queen Mary 2 04/148528 Cunard Line leaving Cornerbrook Newfoundland 3rd October 2004 Maasdam alongside in Quebec 1st October 2004 Constellation at Halifax Nova Scotia 29th September 2004 Return to Home Page The tanker Happy Harrier 88/3595 in the Thorn Channel arriving for Fawley Marine Terminal 1st November 2004 Gallery2 Ship Movements Home Page Branch Meetings Newsletters Galleries Maps VTS and VHF R/T Visits & Trips Local News Web Links & Clubs Contact Info VTS Radar Cruiseship Programme Silex - Taken by Neil Richardson Marco Polo - Taken by Richard Jolliffe 2004 Photographic Competition - 2004 Galleries Black Jack - 1 Photograph - Rod Baker Collection The liner Berengaria ex Imperator 52022/13 homeward bound from New York, passing through the lines of battleships of all types assembled at Spithead for the Jubilee Naval Review. The Berengaria sailed on the Southampton New York service with the Mauretania and the Aquitania and she maintained an average speed of 22.5 knots. After good service she was broken up at Rosyth in November 1938. Black Jack Issue No: 123 Winter 2002 QUARTERLY MAGAZINE SOUTHAMPTON BRANCH WORLD SHIP SOCIETY Black Jack - 2 Which our editor hopes will be the first of a long series of short articles from as many of you as possible. Many of you have that interesting B & W snap, ticket, postcard, company cap badge whatever on which you could write a paragraph and let it be scanned and then we can all see it. Go on YOU look it out and give it to the editor ASAP. Looking Back On By Rod Baker I will start the ball rolling with this 1827 Commercial Document from the days of sail. The trouble with this one is that it leaves uncertainty as much as anything. I think the date is 1827 but where is Southampton Wharf? My researches lead me to believe that it is in fact a reference to either what we know as The Town Quay or that area between it and where the Royal Pier stands. Then we come to the vessel Albion; well there are exactly 60 in Lloyds Register of that year! Now it s your turn! Black Jack - 3 New Cruise Terminal The terminal will be developed at 101 berth a third cruise terminal in the port. The ?1.5m terminal will be built on the site of the former Geest banana berth and is expected to be completed during the course of next year. This year Southampton Docks handled more than a third of a million passengers and this total is set to rise further during 2003. Andrew Kent, ABP's port director in Southampton, said: "We are fortunate to have existing buildings alongside a deep-water quay which can be adapted to provide a first-class facility capable of handling the largest cruise ships. This new facility is a further investment by ABP in Southampton's success and will bring substantial benefits to the region's economy.'' The third terminal means Southampton will have some of the most up-to-date dockside passenger facilities anywhere in Europe. As ABP revealed its future plans, construction work was already in progress at the Mayflower Terminal at 105 berth, while over in the Eastern Docks the Queen Elizabeth II terminal is set to undergo a major makeover. The Mayflower Terminal project will result in a totally new look and expansion of passenger facilities at 106 berth in readiness for the addition next May of Oceana and Adonia, to the P&O Cruises' city-based fleet operating alongside Aurora and Oriana. The re-development of the Queen Elizabeth II terminal at 38/9 berth is part of the preparations for the arrival of Cunard's 150,000-ton liner Queen Mary 2, in December 2003. QM2 is due to sail from Southampton on her maiden voyage in January 2004. Other News Ali Cat to link Scottish towns Red Funnel has ventured north of the border to work alongside Scotland's biggest passenger shipping operator in the Firth of Clyde. Red Funnel has chartered the Isle of Wight-based catamaran, Ali Cat, to Caledonian MacBrayne to link the Scottish towns of Gourock and Dunoon during the winter months. This comes as Red Funnel said goodbye to their last two hydrofoils, Shearwater 5 and Shearwater 6, which have been sold as private vessels to a holiday diving company in Thailand. Ali Cat, which is of glass-reinforced plastic (GRP) construction with alloy superstructures, has been chartered by Caledonian MacBrayne until April 3, 2003 and will be providing a passenger only service at peak rush-hour times between the two towns. The 19.5 metre catamaran has already begun operation with a service speed of 13.5 knots and is designed to travel in all sea conditions. Built in 1999, Ali Cat is to carry the Red Funnel brand name while operating in Scotland. Red Funnel's two old hydrofoils, which last saw service about four years ago, are due to operate in and out of the Thai holiday resort of Phuket and have been acquired by a German diving company. The 20 year-old vessels, which were decommissioned by Red Funnel, have left the port for the Far East. News from Southampton Black Jack - 4 Pre WWII Memories captured by my camera John Havers NDL Bremen leaves New York April 28th 1937 French Line Normandie from arriving tender during a gale 7th September 1936 D.O.A. Paris photographed from the New Docks July 1937 Windhoek enters Ocean Dock April 14th 1937 on her maiden voyage Black Jack - 5 From Monty s Camera Compiled by Monty Beckett A summary of new or infrequent callers to Southampton over the last few months. Berths 204/7: APL Hong Kong, Hong Kong Express, APL India 65792/02, Lykes Tiger 40465/96, Northern Dignity 3606/95, APL Denmark 65792/02, Buxmaster 16250/87, CCNI Arauco 28148/99, CCNI Charger 28148/98, CM CGM Puget 50200/02, NYK Lyra 75200/02, Nedlloyd Camoes 14865/94, Westerhaver 15908/94. Nautila 2075/74, Heinrich Behrmann 2240/75, Ryfjell 2791/75 Ro-Ro Vessels: Galaxy Leader 48710/02, Sapphire Highway 49098/86, Republica Di Venezia 48622/87, Neptune Aegli 15850/02, Neptune Dynamis 21554/02, Saudi Abha 44171/87, Shenendoah Highway 47368/92. No7 DryDock: Sun Dream 22945/70, Purbeck 6507/78, Bramblebush Bay Berths 107/9: Yeoman Bridge 55695/92, Artemis SB 23369/79, Vechtborg 6130/98, Ina 1589/78, Kroonborg 6142/95, Veerseborg 6130/96, Morraborg 6540/99, Margie 16683/77, Zeus 6142/00, Flame 16794/85, Sneekerdiep 3170/00 Berth 104: Harvester 8945/89, Season Trader 7627/99. Berths 102/3: Azur 1829/81, Fristar 1499/81, Coral 851/88, Anna Marie 2345/96. Berths 101 & 43: Baltimar Euros 2854/91, Northern Navigator 3186/91, Sloman Provider 7260/00,Skantic 1081/74, Poolgracht 5998/86, Lemmergracht 6030/88, Palmyra 5780/91, CEC Weser 3219/86. Berths 36/47: Pantanassa 18641/83, Ani 6036/90, Atlantic Coast 1943/77, Daniel 8547/79, Dealer 1692/82, Elvita 1707/79, Jakos 2300/77, Johanna C 2748/98, Lia C 2999/01, Aura 6050/77, Kathrin 2999.99, Koplalnia Sosnowiec 9117/74, Marjolein 2715/94, Merwedelta 2997/01, Oland 1371/85, Sea Amethyst 8254/87, Laga 3919/01, Nocola 2999/00, Lucky 1934/82. Berth 33: Trader 1527/80, Esperanza 3120/85, Hanseatic Star 1586/85, Aleksandrov 6030/89, Mike 1513/82, Leona 1593/87. RLC Marchwood: Bremer Flagge 3062/85, BBC Rheiderland 13066/00, Maersk Assister 6536/00, Ivory Ace 10394/90 Dibles Wharf :Osterhook 1720/85, Svenja 2060/86, Trotzenburg 1988/82, Laurina 1875/95, Canum 2072/94. Princes Wharf: Wirdum 2446/93 Boklum 89/1984 Boklum Ex Lea 1984/89 approaching the Itchen Bridge outward bound. Margie 16683/77 alongside 107 berth Westerhever 15908/94 in the Upper Swinging Ground Black Jack - 6 Neptune Aegli MAIN PARTICULARS Length Overall 158.00m Length bp 145.00m Breadth 24.40m Depth, to upper deck 14.09m Depth, to main deck 8.00m Design Draught 6.00m Corresponding dwt 4,700dwt Capacity all cars 1,500cars Truck Drivers 12 Main engine power 15,600kW Service Speed 20knots Class Det Norske Veritas Southampton Callers Past and Present Neptune breaks new ground .. Greek ro-ro and vehicle carrying specialist Neptune Lines has reached a milestone in its development with the completion of its first ever new buildings Neptune Aigli and Neptune Dynamis. Having shaped and expanded its ro-ro fleet through second-hand purchases, the decision to opt for a new construction was determined by the lack of availability of suitable tonnage for adaption to Neptune s precise needs. To serve existing customers evolving requirements and to support growth in the wider Mediterranean trade, it sought versatile capacity of the requisite quality. The selection of independent Spanish Hijos de J Barreras to deliver two vessels suited to both trailer-borne freight and new vehicles, underscored the Vigo s yards growing prowess in the ro-ro sector. Barreras experience in turning out similarly flexible tonnage for French and Spanish operators obviously counted in its favour. Prior to the decision to invest in newbuilding tonnage offering a unit capacity equivalent to about 1,500 cars, Neptune s largest and fastest vessel was the 1,400 car Neptune Avra, built 1989 and previously used on a Japanese domestic service. The design of the Neptune Aegli and Neptune Dynamis is configured with five fixed decks and two hoistable decks, and provides for a range of cargo stow permutations from full deployment in a car carrier (PCC) mode for 1,500 units, through to a maximum of 87 trailers of 16.5m length plus 470 cars. The vessels are thereby suited to the broader needs of automotive producers, allowing trailers loaded with materials and inter-plant components be transported, along with factory-new cars, vans and other vehicles. The freight intake on the main and upper trailer decks, with the MacGregor moveable decks in the hoisted position, amounts to 1,500 lane m with a headroom of 4.8m. With the platform decks deployed, free heights of 3.1m and 1.7m, or 2.4m and 2.4m, can be selected giving good flexibility. The two lowest fixed decks give a headroom of 2.2m, while the uppermost decks offers 1.8m, intake capacity on the basis of 2m-wide car lanes is 7,100 running m. The Neptune sisters each incorporate both stern axial and quarter ramp doors, landing on the main deck threshold. The Macgregor outfit also encompasses a long, centreline hoistable ramp linking the main garage deck and upper trailer deck, and a hoistable ramp serving movements between deck 6 and the upper car deck. The two lower car decks are served by fixed ramps. A twin engine powering arrangement has been adopted, based on the Wartsila 46 medium speed diesel series. The two eight cylinder in line engines provide a total plant output of 15,600kW at 500 rpm, driving twin, Rolls Royce controllable pitch propellers through Rentjes, horizontally offset reduction gearboxes. The installation reportedly ensures a service speed of 20.7 knots, in keeping with the scheduling demands of Neptune s services. Article partly reproduced from Lloyds Ship Manager Black Jack - 7 Container Types and problems .. This article attempts to describe some of the types of containers in use today, and highlight some of the problems associated with each and all, in terms of cargo carriage. Most of us see thousands at a time when a containership passes this article adds a insight. International Standards and Classification There are many types of containers in use today, but the purpose of each item is the same quick and efficient handling and stowage, and compatible carriage between transport modes. The most common standards are set by the International Standards Organisation (ISO) and the most common containers have lengths of 20 feet (6.1m) and 40 Feet (12.2m). These containers are usually referred to as TEU s (twenty foot equivalent units) and FEU s (forty foot equivalent units) and have an ISO width of 8 Feet (2.4m) and a height of 8 feet 6 inches (2.6m). ISO standards with regard to construction and strength are largely duplicated by the well-known classification societies, which certify containers just as they do the vessels that carry them. In this role the Classification Societies may also act on behalf of a state party to the International Convention for Safe Containers (CSC) 1972, which requires implementation and enforcement of a regime for approval of the safety of containers. Containers Weight Given that there are numerous types and sizes of containers in use, the weight relevant to their carriage varies enormously. With this in mind, and rather than taking each container in turn, it is perhaps more fitting to outline the factors involved and the most common eight ranges. The tare weight of the container is the container weight without cargo, and this will vary depending on the fittings, weight of construction material and size of the container. It will typically range between 2-2.5t for a TEU and 3.5-4 t for a FEU. The payload weight is the weight of the cargo itself, and apart from the weight of the cargo is constrained by the containers cubic capacity and the maximum gross weight (the tare weight + the payload weight) not just for the container itself in terms of structural constraints, but also any weight restrictions imposed by Stat transport systems. Payload weight varies between 17.5-185t for a TEU and 26-27 t for a FEU, and this gives a maximum gross weight of 22t and 30-31t respectively. General Purpose Containers As the name suggests, these closed containers are suitable for most types of cargo, and temporary modification can allow carriage of solid and liquid bulk cargoes. Design and construction are basic a metal box, with full width doors at one end and a wooden flooring. Lashing points are provided usually with Safe Working Load of 2t each, the cubic capacity for a TEU is 33.3 cbm. The main problem peculiar to this type of container is ventilation when vents/fans are not fitted. Such containers are not entirely suitable for moisture sensitive cargoes, particularly on voyages fro warm to colder climates. On such voyages sweat can develop on the inner container surfaces and to prevent contact with cargo sheathing on such surfaces as waterproof coverings arte essential. Other problems are similar to those for general cargo carried in vessels holds, and if the carrier is responsible for stuffing due regard must be given to dangers such as tainting, crushing and shifting. Open Top Containers This general-purpose container without a roof is commonly used for over height goods and machinery and timber requiring top loading. Removable roof bows can be used to support tarpaulins to the extent this is possible with over height cargo. Other details are similar to those of general-purpose containers. These containers can be more prone to structural failure that other containers, because they are commonly used for heavier cargoes and are often subject to point loading stresses when weights have not been properly distributed. These units create stowage problems, as stowage on top must Black Jack - 8 be avoided for over height cargoes. Fantainers These are essentially general purpose containers fitted with a hatch in the door, allowing for the fixing of an electric extraction fan. Air at ambient temperature is drawn into the floor by the fan via s a specially designed perforated lower front sill and replaced air is removed through the fan itself. The aim is to balance the temperature of the air within the container with that on the outside to prevent condensation. Problems peculiar to this type of container are inadvertent closing of the fan, units not being connected to a power source and electrical failure either through fault or loss of supply. These units are unsuitable for moisture sensitive cargoes on voyages from cold to warmer climates. If moist warm air is drawn into the container it may be cooled by the cargo at its surface leading to the development of cargo sweat. Flat-Rack Containers Commonly these containers consist only of a base and two ends; there are no sides or a roof. Despite this tare weights are generally greater than those for general-purpose containers, materials being of greater scantling for improved strength and wear. They are commonly used for over width and over length cargoes and problems similar to those for open top containers are experienced. Additionally tarpaulins are not usually used so fitting can be difficult. Stability when handling can also be a problem if the cargo weight has not been evenly distributed. Reefer Containers There are two main reefer container types, the integral reefer and porthole reefer. As their names imply, the former has a refrigeration unit forming an integral part of the container body and the latter has a porthole to which the refrigeration supply is connected. The integral containers cooling unit needs an external power source and the porthole container is connected up to a system of air dusts in the vessels hold through which cold air is supplied from a central battery of air coolers. Both containers are constructed in a similar way to a dry freight container, except that the cargo compartment is isolated from the outer walls by a thick layer of insulating material such as fibreglass matting or synthetic foam. Payload capacity for these units is slightly less than for general-purpose containers. Normally reefer containers are designed to carry cargoes in either frozen or chilled state within the temperature range 25C to +20C. There are numerous problems associated with reefer containers, but a less obvious one can arise when they are not being used for refrigerated cargo and are inadvertently connected up as refrigerated units. Depending on cargo extensive damage can result and to guard against this there need to be clear instructions on transport documents. Most refrigerated loads (especially fruit), with the exception of frozen goods, fresh meat, and non-organic goods such as photographic film, require air exchange to reduce carbon dioxide build up and remove enzymes, which speed up ripening. For frozen cargoes the ventilation openings should always be closed. Bulk Containers These general-purpose containers can carry dry powders and granular cargoes in bulk. Top loading is via hatches fitted in the roof and discharge (which requires a tipping trailer) is via a hatch fitted in the door. Mild steel floors are often fitted to enable easy cleaning. Tank containers for dry bulk cargoes are also in use, but give lower payload capacities than the box design. The main problems these units encounter are water ingress and condensation. Tank Containers The tank container is a pressure vessel mounted in a frame, the latter of which determines compatibility with standard dimensions. Tanks are cylindrical, but materials, lining and fittings vary. The specifications of the shell and fittings determine the class of tank and thus the type of product it can carry. The frame is designed to support the tank when fully loaded, and there are two different designs. The Frame tank is a full frame with side rails connecting between end frames, and the beam tank has only end frames. Capacities generally range from 15,000 to 27,000 litres. Black Jack - 9 Above an extreme example of container overloading. Below an example of wave damage. Tanks capable carrying dangerous cargoes conform to IMO requirements and are classed according to how hazardous the cargo is and whether it is a liquid or a gas. Problems peculiar to this type of container include cargo contamination. Most tanks, particularly food grade ones, are used for a single product, and some shippers even have their own dedicated tanks for certain grades. Where this is not the case, there are particular risks of contamination from previous cargo and this usually arises when tanks are not cleaned properly or their interior surfaces have deteriorated. Contamination can also result when incorrect cleaning agents are used. Open sided Containers Another variation on the standard general-purpose container design is the open sided container, which as the name implies has no sides, only a base roof and ends. The sides can be closed by full height gates or curtains. A common problem with this type of container is loss of cargo through sifting. The gates are not usually designed to IMO transverse strength requirements, and accordingly care must be taken with regard to stowage and securing. Other Container types May include ventilated containers, controlled atmosphere containers, hangar containers and many more types, but those already mentioned so far are the most widely used. General Container Problems It can no doubt be appreciated that most containers come in for some fairly rough treatment and this can lead to metal fatigue. This exacerbated of maximum gross weights are exceeded or loads inadequately distributed. Further structural weakening results from damage. Such as dents scrapes and even punctures. With extensive exposure to the elements in a salty environment such weakening can be accelerated by corrosion. Most damage is caused during handling. Using cranes in excessive wind conditions or with too great a speed of operation often leads to contact with other objects. Many containers are fitted with forklift truck pockets, and such forks have a nasty habit of causing damage. Improper stowage and securing (of the container and its contents) can also cause damage, as can a wave impact and the leakage of corrosive contents. The integrity of the space within the container may be compromised by structural weakening, and this may be particularly critical for tank and reefer containers. As with ships holds, weather tightness is a common problem, and doors, hatches and other openings have been known to permit ingress because seals/gaskets are in poor condition, or are not giving a good seal because of the presence of dirt or distortion of the door/hatch. Securing levers, which act to keep the Black Jack - 10 door/hatch pressed against the seals, are also frequently found to be defective. It is clear from the above that a sound system of container inspection and maintenance is essential. Hand in hand with such a system is proper documentation. Pilferage and stowaways may compromise integrity and this is where proper sealing comes to the fore. Seals should be checked when a contained is received into and from the carriers care and at intervals in between. If seals are found broken an interior inspection should be conducted, and if all appears in order, re-sealing will be necessary. If contents appear to be missing or damaged, this should be reported, as it may be necessary to appoint a surveyor. Sealing is also important in terms of fraud, which is becoming an increasing problem for containers. A final problem worth mentioning is the shippers declaration of contents and weight. With regard to contents, there are some jurisdictions, such as the United Arab Emirates, which still do not allow the carrier to rely on bill of lading clauses such as contents unknown or shippers load, stow and count , even when it is clear that the container is stuffed and sealed by the shippers. The description of contents can also cause problems, particularly if the cargo is dangerous or a threat to the environment. In cases of fire or loss overboard or salvage, the timely availability of correct and sufficiently detailed information is essential. As to weight it has been noted that shippers may occasionally declare lower figures, presumably as a means of minimising taxes and dues. This may create problems in terms of vessel stability and container stowage and securing, and may result in transport weight restrictions. To sum up, it can be seen that, whilst containers have revolutionised shipping and brought several benefits they have also created a fair share of problems. Article and photographs reproduced from GARD News Other News Red Funnel plans to stretch car ferries Red Funnel plans to stretch its ferries to take more cars but it is possible that would no longer be able to stop at West Cowes during bad weather when the Red Jet service was suspended. A works licence has been submitted for the infrastructure needed to accommodate stretched ferries at its East Cowes terminal. The company intends to increase capacity from 142 cars to around 200 by enlarging all three of its existing ferries making them 9.6m longer and 2.8m taller. This will allow it to install a new upper car deck between the existing car deck and passenger deck. Southampton diverts boxships P&O Nedlloyd Southampton was one of four containerships forced to divert from Southampton to Thamesport in the first two weeks of November because of severe delays in the port. Truckers and shipping lines have also met port officials to see what can be done to ease congestion. Felixstowe suffered from overcrowding as well with up to ten ships anchored off waiting a berth during the same period, but with no vessels being diverted to other ports. Both Felixstowe and Southampton blamed seasonal storms for the delays and in Southampton 60 containers had been blown off their stacks. In addition to the 6,900 teu P&O Nedlloyd Southampton that re-routed to Thamesport the 5,700 teu OOCL San Francisco, 2890 teu P&O Nedlloyd Jakarta, and the 4,700 teu CMA CGM Normandie were also diverted to Hutchison owned Thamesport. P&O Nedlloyd Southampton had to be turned round half way through discharging because Thamesport cranes are not large enough to handle post-panamax ships. EWS is to launch a second daily container freight train out of Southampton to Widnes on November 18. Freightliners maritime terminal already handles a nine train a day timetable. Black Jack - 11 Vospers VT, the UK shipbuilding and support services group formerly known as Vosper Thornycroft, has unveiled a far reaching restructuring of its marine products division and raised the prospect of a further 1,000 jobs being added to the new Portsmouth yard. The development of the new Shipbuilding Facility at Portsmouth is on schedule in readiness for the start of work on the first batch of six Type 45 destroyers in May 2003.The group aims to secure 20% share of the production work on both the next six Type 45 destroyers and the Future Carrier programme for two new aircraft carriers. Whitaker Group introduces its newest vessel Whitchallenger the first of a two-vessel series for the Whitaker Group has now entered service. Based in Southampton, the ship which will be employed in the bunkering and coastal fuel trades. Chartered by Exxon, the 2,958 gross tonnage vessel was built at the Tuzla Gemi Shipyard in Istanbul, Turkey, which is also constructing the second ship, Whitchampion, expected to be in service by May of next year. Whitchallenger was unveiled to the representatives the port community at a ceremony at 38/9 berth in the Eastern Docks. Whitchallenger, the group's first new vessel since the Jaynee W 1689grt entered service 1996 , and Whitchampion are double-hulled ships, built to the latest safety standards. Whitchampion is to have fully coated tanks and deepwell pumps. With a speed of 11 knots, Whitchallenger has a total of 14 cargo tanks and can accommodate a crew of ten. Whitakers can trace its beginnings back to 1880 when the company started with just two wooden barges, has a present-day fleet of coastal tankers delivering in excess of 1.5 million tonnes annually for the major oil companies. Norwegian Cruise Line Norwegian Dawn unveiled . It won't be difficult to spot the world's newest cruise ship the 91,000-ton Norwegian Dawn. She has a most distinctive and contemporary edge to her appearance as the exterior of the hull features artwork depicting the vessel's future itineraries. The designs run the expanse of the hull and on the starboard side show dolphins playing in waves to represent the Caribbean cruises that the ship will operate out of Miami. The port side carries an image of the Statue of Liberty to highlight the voyages the ship will make to the Bahamas and Florida from the port of New York. The hull also features reproduced signatures of the Impressionist artists Renoir, Matisse, Van Gogh and Monet as well as pop art icon Andy Warhol. These represent the four original masterpieces that are on display in one of the ship's restaurants and the collection of pop art featuring signed pictures by Andy Warhol elsewhere on the ship. Norwegian Dawn is due to arrive for a two-day stay before leaving on an inaugural shakedown transatlantic voyage to New York.While in port at 38/9 invited guests from the shipping and travel industries are to tour the ship while it is alongside. Among the ship's passenger facilities are a total of ten restaurants, which means guests can eat at a different spot every night of the voyage, together with more than a dozen bars and lounges, the largest indoor swimming pool on any cruise ship, a casino and a wedding chapel. NORWEGIAN DAWN FACTFILE: Flag: Bahamas: Gross tonnage: 91,740 Length: 965 feet Width: 105 feet Propulsion: Two diesel electric - Azipod system Maximum speed: 25 knots Decks: 15 Cabins: 1,200 Passenger capacity: 2,224 double occupancy Crew: 1,318 Passenger facilities: A total of ten restaurants and eating areas, numerous bars, a 1,150-seater theatre, casino, show lounges and night club, fitness and sports centre, the longest Black Jack - 12 indoor swimming pool on any cruise ship, shopping complex, board room, cinema, chapel and medical centre. Branch Officers and Committee Forthcoming Programme and Events Branch Notice Board Venue: 1st floor Portswood Conservative Club 127 Highfield Lane Southampton Meetings are held on the 2nd Tuesday of each month at 19.30. 2003 Branch Meeting Programme Jan 14th Polish Built Part 2 Allan Ryska-Onions Feb 11th Merseyside Shipping WSS Tape/Slide Show Mar 11th Treaty Tinclads & Beyond Dr Richard Osborne April 8th Maritime Voices Sheila Jermima May 13th Work of NRC Vessels Andrew Louch June 10th Cruising Bill Lawes and Mick Lindsay July 8th Coastal Waters Bernard McCall (TBC) August 12th Members Evening Sept 9th Photographic/Model Competitions October 14th Peacetime Troopin Bert Moody Nov 11th AGM Dec 12th Italian Liners Bill Mayes Chairman -John Lillywhite 1 Thornleigh Road Woolston SO19 9DH 02380 432181 Vice Chairman -Bill Lawes 25 Rollestone Road Holbury SO45 4QD 02380 894234 Secretary - Rod Baker 29 Milbury Crescent Southampton SO18 5EN 02380 449972 Treasurer - Andrew Hogg Debanker Lyburn Road Hamptworth Salisbury SP5 2DP 01794 390502 Editor - Neil Richardson 9 Cornfield Close Chandlers Ford SO53 4HD 02380 276423 neil.Richardson @breathemail.net Publicity Officer Paul Gosling 57 Charlton Road Shirley SO1 5FL 02380 635766 Visits Organiser Adrian Tennet 34 New Road Fair Oak SO50 8EN 02380 600197 Reprographics Mike Lindsay 7 Elland Close Fair Oak SO15 7JY 02380 694558 All contributions to BJ are gratefully received either by post, email, floppy disk or CD. Any article related to the Solent area would be appreciated. I can fill BJ with magazine articles but would much prefer articles to be by the branch for the branch. All members that have provided an email address to the editor are respectfully requested to keep to address up to date. At the recent AGM it was decided that a Website would be of benefit to the branch. The site address will be sotonwss.org.uk and hopefully there will be something to see after Christmas. When the time comes feedback will be requested. Thanks to all members who have supported BJ through the year. The Editor and Committee wish all members a Happy and Prosperous New Year. Subscriptions for the society are due at the end of the year. Can all local members renew via the Branch Treasurer using the form received with Marine News as soon as possible after the due date if not before. Black Jack - 13 Black Jack - 1 The tank cleaning vessel Tulipfield alongside the Royal Mail Lines Andes. The Tulipfield, according to the Editors records, was owned by British Wheeler Process Ltd. This company specialised in tank cleaning, gas freeing and oily water separation in ports around the UK. The company during the sixties had its head office in Liverpool with one of its branch offices in Southampton. The Tulipfield was built 1922 and with a gross tonnage of 389 had a speed of 10 kts and was built in Hamburg by Reiherstieg Schiffs. Black Jack Issue No: 127 Winter 2003 QUARTERLY MAGAZINE SOUTHAMPTON BRANCH WORLD SHIP SOCIETY Black Jack - 2 Other news items .. The world s largest single masted sailing yacht was launched from VT Woolston yard on Thursday November 27th. At 740 tonnes she was the last vessel to be built the VT yard at Woolston. Initially the sloop was reluctant to leave the slipway and entered the R.Itchen just after noon. Mirabella V will be moved to VT Portsmouth yard to have a retractable ten metre keel installed. The ?30m vessel owned by Joe Vittoria will be available for luxury charter at $250,000 a week. in the Mediterranean and Caribbean from about May next year. A very tragic accident occured in France on the 15th Nov. The gang plank that was between the "m/s Queen Mary 2" and the dock collapsed. There were over 40 people on the gang plank at the time. 12 of them children of shipyard workers who were given permission to board. New Zealand Interisland Line, a Tranz rail operation which operates on the Cook Strait between South Island and North island, is expanding its freight services with the bareboat charter of the 800 lane metre passenger freight ferry Purbeck. The 1978 built Purbeck was delivered to bareboat charterers Tranz Rail NZ at Falmouth in the UK on April 17 for a two and half year period. The ship departed the UK during April bound for New Zealand via the Panama Canal bunkering both there and at Tahiti. The Big Red Boat III was to sail from lay up in Freeport Bahamas destined for Asian shipbreakers. The ship was the last passenger mailship built for Union Castle Line, and reportedly the first former Carnival Cruise Line ship to go for demolition. Built 1961 as the Transvaal Castle, the 31,793 gt passenger vessel subsequently sailed as the SA Vaal for Safmarine, Festivale for Carnival and Island Breeze for Dolphin/Premier before becoming the Big Red Boat III. Premier of Port Canaveral Florida went bust in late 2000. Many ship enthusiasts will mourn the scrapping but the recent name will not be missed! News from Southampton PORT OF SOUTHAMPTON SIGNS UP NEW RO-RO CUSTOMER FOR THE NEW YEAR Associated British Ports (ABP) has signed a new contract today (22 September 2003) with Channel Freight Ferries who will provide a daily ro-ro service between ABPs Port of Southampton and Radicatel, part of the Port of Rouen. Commencing in January next year, the new service will mean in excess of an additional 100,000 units of freight, including unaccompanied mafi trailers, containers and other cargoes, passing over Southamptons quaysides. As part of the new contract, ABP will invest over ?1 million in facilities, including the provision of a new pontoon, modification work to one of the ports existing linkspans, resurfacing of paved areas, as well as the provision of secure fencing and office accommodation. Andrew Kent, ABP Port Director, Southampton, said:This is an important new development for ABP and the Port of Southampton, and will establish an additional cross channel link providing UK and continental shippers with an efficient and high quality freight service. 22 September 2003 Black Jack - 3 From Monty s Camera Compiled by Monty Beckett A summary of new or infrequent callers to Southampton over the last few months. From top: Thebeland, Marco Polo, Chada Naree Berth 204-7: Rickmers New Orleans 23100/03, California Luna 41110/87, OOCL Long Beach 89090/03, Cape Charles 41843/86, NYK Lodestar 75701/01, OOCL Netherlands 66080/97, APL Jakarta, NYK Phoenix. Ro-Ro: Grande Nigeria 56600/02, Independence 47089/78, Maersk Taiki 44219/97, Grande Napoli 37273/03, Thebeland 20881/78, Grande Portogallo 37726/02 No7 DD: Monte Rosa 22587/82 Berths 107-9: Kapitonas Simkus 9965/76, Chada Naree 10964/81, Lingedijk 2548/00, Rega 1545/79, Est 920/87, Amur 2540 3086/91, Norheim 5658/00 Berth 104: Chikuma Reefer 7367/98, Lapponian Reefer 7944/92, Mogami Reefer 7367/99. Berth 102-3: Feed Star 1472/87, Baltica Hav 1513/83 Berth 101-2: Almania 4366/83, RMS Homberg 1296/84, Eastern Navigator 3186/91, CEC Cristobal 6714/99 Marchwood: Anvil Point 23235/03, Scan Germania 8831/00, Longstone 23000/03, Passwalk 10243/83 Marchwood Bulk: Sea Thames 1616/85 Berth 36/47: Artnes 4860/92, Marie- Jeanne 2999/99, Patriot 2163/94, Sea Amethyst 8254/87, TK Geneva 4446/84, TK Rotterdam 6036/01, Jill C 3660/01, Moksheim 5659/00, Arktos 4316/82 Berth 43-4: Snoekgracht 16641/00 Cruise Vessel: Golden Princess 108865/01, Marco Polo 22080/65 Dibles Wharf: Koriangi 1596/93, Kidred 2206/76, Tinsdal 2981/98, Sibnec 1945/65, Baltic Courier 1667/77, Alexander Tvardovskiy 2314/96 Princess Wharf: Stadium 19084/89, Pinnau 2446/03, Aura 2416/82, Eva Maria Muller 2446/98 Black Jack - 4 Pre WWII Memories captured by my camera John Havers Empress of Britain manoeuvring off 101 Berth Brocklebank Maihar seen in the Solent 30th July 1939 Balmoral Castle laid up in the Empress Dock awaiting a purchaser February 19th 1939 Shaw Savill & Albion Dominion Monarch leaves Southampton docks on her maiden voyage February 17th 1939 Black Jack - 5 Red Jet 4 Tasmanian company North West Bay Ships has achieved an early reference in the European market with its first delivery of a fast passenger catamaran tailored to meet the needs of Southampton based operator Red Funnel. North west Bay is a new name in shipbuilding, but the fact that its personnel are drawn from throughout the industry in Australia provides a depth of experience underpinning its bid for business in an intensely competitive sector. The keen price and bespoke design that lured Red Funnel to Tasmania was a measure of North West Bay s technical capabilities and state of the art production efficiency. In receiving the 277 passenger capacity Red Jet 4 ahead of schedule, and to the requisite quality, the cross Solent ferry operator must surely have felt vindicated in its decision to place the contract with a newcomer. The fleet s previous Red Jet catamarans had all been built on the Isle of Wight, at the former Cowes shipyard of FBM Marine (now FBM Babcock Marine). The 39m Red Jet 4 follows the basic design principles of Red Jet 3, in accordance with the contractual owners wishes,, but is longer vessel offering a substantial increase in payload to 277 passengers. Red Funnel sought an advance in payload, while maintaining compatibility with its existing fleet, terminal operations and timetabling requirements. In addition to the contractual speed of 35 knots, significantly exceeded on trials the operator stipulated stringent low wash and wake criteria. Given the 46% advance in passenger capacity compared with the previous Red Jet addition to the fleet, against the new v